Archive for August, 2009

How to use the Bankruptcy Q and A

August 25, 2009

Under the resources section of is a question and answer format document that provides bankruptcy information.  (  It is several pages long and might seem to answer all your quesitons.  It does not and can not answer all your questions about bankruptcy law.  It does provide some basic informaiton and will point you in the right direction.    After reading the Q&A, it would not be surprising if you had new questions that you need to ask one of our lawyers.  An example of this occured the other day when a client, after reading the section on earned but unpaid wages and vacation leave was concerned that sick leave was treated the same way.   Sick leave is in fact treated differently and it is uselly exempt.   If after going through the Questions and Answers, you have more questions, contact use at and we will try to get back to you.  You can also make an appointment to come in and discuss your case in greater detail.

  Daniel Carroll



Treatment of Creditors in Bankruptcy —

August 18, 2009

When I first talk with new bankruptcy clients one of the questions I hear over and over is, “do I have to go bankrupt on this debt?   Can I leave this debt out of the bankruptcy?”   It is often a debt for their car, or to a friend that they owe money to and almost always they are current with the payments.   Credit card companies that are calling and driving them to distraction are not usually in the mix.

The short answer is that you have to ‘file’ or list all your debts/creditors.  The Bankruptcy law is based on a couple of basic concepts.  One of these concepts is to treat all the creditors of the debtor(s) fairly.  Not all creditors are treated the same because there are different kinds of creditors.  But all the creditors should be before the court and treated fairly.

The exact treatment of an individual creditor is determined by what ‘class’ they fall in according to the bankruptcy code.    Example of the some of the different classes of creditors are;  ‘Secured’ which means they have some kind of lien or security interest in property of the debtor.  Mortgage debts and car loans are just two types of secured creditors.  ‘Priority’ creditors, fall into one of several groups defined by the bankruptcy statute.  Some examples of priority creditors are debts for domestic support obligations, taxes obligations or wages owed by the debtor to someone else.

To get back to the question, a debtor has to file and disclose all their debts, but that does not mean all their creditors will be treated the same.   Depending on the exact situation of the debtor, it might be okay to treat the car loan differently and keep the car by reaffirming the debt.  However, the debtor’s ‘fresh start’ should not be endangered, and that is a topic for another day.

Dan Carroll
Carroll & Ferguson, Attorneys at Law